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* * * * *
* * * *


COLLEGE HISTORIES OF ART

Edited By
JOHN C. VAN DYKE, L.H.D.

* * *

HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE
A. D. F. Hamlin


* * * * *
* * * *


COLLEGE HISTORIES OF ART

Edited By

JOHN C. VAN DYKE, L.H.D.

Professor of the History of Art
in Rutgers College

* * *

HISTORY OF PAINTING

By JOHN C. VAN DYKE, the Editor of the Series. With Frontispiece
and 110 Illustrations, Bibliographies, and Index. Crown 8vo, $1.50.

HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE

By ALFRED D. F. HAMLIN, A.M. Adjunct Professor of Architecture,
Columbia College, New York. With Frontispiece and 229 Illustrations
and Diagrams, Bibliographies, Glossary, Index of Architects, and
a General Index. Crown 8vo, $2.00.

HISTORY OF SCULPTURE

By ALLAN MARQUAND, Ph.D., L.H.D. and ARTHUR L. FROTHINGHAM, Jr.,
Ph.D., Professors of Archæology and the History of Art in Princeton
University. With Frontispiece and 112 Illustrations. Crown 8vo, $1.50.


* * * * *
* * * *


[Illustration: THE PARTHENON, ATHENS, AS RESTORED BY CH. CHIPIEZ.
(From model in Metropolitan Museum, New York.)]




A TEXT-BOOK

of the

HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE


by

A. D. F. HAMLIN, A.M.

Professor of the History of Architecture
in the School of Architecture,
Columbia University


SEVENTH EDITION
Revised


LONGMANS, GREEN, AND CO.
91 and 93 FIFTH AVENUE, NEW YORK
London, Bombay, and Calcutta
1909




Copyright, 1895, by
LONGMANS, GREEN, AND CO.

_All rights reserved._

First Edition, March, 1896
Printed and Revised, December, 1896.
December, 1898 (Revised)
October, 1900 (Revised)
October, 1902 (Revised)
September, 1904, June, 1906 (Revised).
November, 1907 (Revised)
January, 1909

Press of J. J. Little & Ives Co.
425-435 East 24th Street, New York




PREFACE.


The aim of this work has been to sketch the various periods and styles
of architecture with the broadest possible strokes, and to mention,
with such brief characterization as seemed permissible or necessary,
the most important works of each period or style. Extreme condensation
in presenting the leading facts of architectural history has been
necessary, and much that would rightly claim place in a larger work has
been omitted here. The danger was felt to be rather in the direction of
too much detail than of too little. While the book is intended primarily
to meet the special requirements of the college student, those of the
general reader have not been lost sight of. The majority of the
technical terms used are defined or explained in the context, and the
small remainder in a glossary at the end of the work. Extended criticism
and minute description were out of the question, and discussion of
controverted points has been in consequence as far as possible avoided.

The illustrations have been carefully prepared with a view to
elucidating the text, rather than for pictorial effect. With the
exception of some fifteen cuts reproduced from Lübke’s _Geschichte der
Architektur_ (by kind permission of Messrs. Seemann, of Leipzig), the
illustrations are almost all entirely new. A large number are from
original drawings made by myself, or under my direction, and the
remainder are, with a few exceptions, half-tone reproductions prepared
specially for this work from photographs in my possession.
Acknowledgments are due to Messrs. H. W. Buemming, H. D. Bultman, and
A. E. Weidinger for valued assistance in preparing original drawings;
and to Professor W. R. Ware, to Professor W. H. Thomson, M.D., and to
the Editor of the Series for much helpful criticism and suggestion.

It is hoped that the lists of monuments appended to the history of each
period down to the present century may prove useful for reference, both
to the student and the general reader, as a supplement to the body of
the text.

A. D. F. HAMLIN.

COLUMBIA COLLEGE, NEW YORK,
January 20, 1896.


The author desires to express his further acknowledgments to the friends
who have at various times since the first appearance of this book called
his attention to errors in the text or illustrations, and to recent
advances in the art or in its archæology deserving of mention in
subsequent editions. As far as possible these suggestions have been
incorporated in the various revisions and reprints which have appeared
since the first publication.

A. D. F. H.

COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY,
October 28, 1907.



TABLE OF CONTENTS.

PAGE
Preface v

List of Illustrations xi

General Bibliography xix

Introduction xxi

CHAPTER I.
Primitive and Prehistoric Architecture 1

CHAPTER II.
Egyptian Architecture 6

CHAPTER III.
Egyptian Architecture, _Continued_ 16

CHAPTER IV.
Chaldæan and Assyrian Architecture 28

CHAPTER V.
Persian, Lycian, and Jewish Architecture 35

CHAPTER VI.
Greek Architecture 43

CHAPTER VII.
Greek Architecture, _Continued_ 60

CHAPTER VIII.
Roman Architecture 74

CHAPTER IX.
Roman Architecture, _Continued_ 88

CHAPTER X.
Early Christian Architecture 110

CHAPTER XI.
Byzantine Architecture 120

CHAPTER XII.
Sassanian and Mohammedan Architecture--Arabian,
Moresque, Persian, indian, and Turkish 135

CHAPTER XIII.
Early Mediæval Architecture in Italy and France 155

CHAPTER XIV.
Early Mediæval Architecture in Germany,
Great Britain, and Spain 172

CHAPTER XV.
Gothic Architecture 182

CHAPTER XVI.
Gothic Architecture in France 196

CHAPTER XVII.
Gothic Architecture in Great Britain 218

CHAPTER XVIII.
Gothic Architecture in Germany, the Netherlands,
and Spain 237

CHAPTER XIX.
Gothic Architecture in Italy 254

CHAPTER XX.
Early Renaissance Architecture in Italy 270

CHAPTER XXI.
Renaissance Architecture in Italy--The Advanced
Renaissance and Decline 288

CHAPTER XXII.
Renaissance Architecture in France 308

CHAPTER XXIII.
Renaissance Architecture in Great Britain
and the Netherlands 326

CHAPTER XXIV.
Renaissance Architecture in Germany, Spain,
and Portugal 338

CHAPTER XXV.
The Classic Revivals in Europe 354

CHAPTER XXVI.
Recent Architecture in Europe 368

CHAPTER XXVII.
Architecture in the United States 383

CHAPTER XXVIII.
Oriental Architecture--India, China, and Japan 401

Appendix 417

Glossary 429

Index of Architects 431

Index 435




LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS.


The authorship of the original drawings is indicated by the initials
affixed: A. = drawings by the author; B. = H. W. Buemming; Bn. = H. D.
Bultman; Ch. = Château, _L’Architecture en France_; G. = drawings
adapted from Gwilt’s _Encyclopædia of Architecture_; L. = Lübke’s
_Geschichte der Architektur_; W. = A. E. Weidinger. All other
illustrations are from photographs.

PAGE

FRONTISPIECE. The Parthenon Restored
(from model in Metropolitan Museum, New York)
1 Section of Great Pyramid (A.) 8
2 Section of King’s Chamber (A.) 9
3 Plan of Sphinx Temple (A.) 9
4 Ruins of Sphinx Temple (A.) 10
5 Tomb at Abydos (A.) 11
6 Tomb at Beni-Hassan (A.) 11
7 Section and Half-plan of same (A.) 12
8 Plan of the Ramesseum (A.) 14
9 Temple of Edfou. Plan (B.) 17
10 Temple of Edfou.



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